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Republic Day celebration in Azerbaijan: this year, no one was detained

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Azerbaijan is celebrating the 102nd anniversary of the first Azerbaijani republic (the ADR). This year, due to quarantine and a ban on public events, this day will be just like any other day – even without the “traditional” clashes between the police and the opposition.

Two years of independence

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) declared its independence on May 28, 1918 against the backdrop of the collapse of the Russian Empire and nearing the end of the First World War. ADR is considered the first democratic republic in the Muslim East.

Like other newly formed republics of the South Caucasus, the ADR lasted two years before the Bolsheviks seized power in the country and throughout the region in 1920. After that, Azerbaijan became part of the USSR.

The next time Azerbaijan gained independence was in 1991, declaring the new country the successor of the ADR. Since then, May 28 has become a public holiday, known as Republic Day.

Mixed feelings about the holiday

Society’s attitude towards Republic Day in modern Azerbaijan is somewhat mixed.

On the one hand, this is actually the only political holiday that remains popular among the general population, including youth.

On the other hand, the opposition, and many non-partisan citizens use the holiday to express their dissatisfaction with the fact that Baku still does not have a monument to Mamed-Emin Rasulzade, an ideologist and one of the leaders of the ADR. In general, the opposition believes that the current authorities are “jealous” of the ADR and therefore do not show due respect for this holiday.

Moreover, this is another reason to remember that it is difficult to call modern Azerbaijan “democratic” – the country has formed an image for itself on the international stage as an authoritarian state where human rights are regularly violated.

The authorities, in turn, are quite restrained about Republic Day. The country’s highest officials congratulate the citizens and lay flowers at the ADR obelisk, and in the evenings there is usually a gala concert and a salute on the seaside boulevard. But in the previous two years, the opposition, under various pretexts, was not allowed to hold their celebratory march, and the holiday ended with the detainment of several people

Authorities in the city center, opposition in the suburbs

This year, President Ilham Aliyev also visited the obelisk in central Baku, and the first lady and first vice president Mehriban Aliyeva wrote a Facebook post in celebration of the holiday.

Citizens carry flowers to
the ADR obelisk in the
center of Baku (JAMnews)

There will be no fireworks or concert due to quarantine. There were also fewer flowers and wreaths in front of the obelisk than usual.

Members of the opposition coalition the National Council of Democratic Forces and the Musavat party (separately) went to the village of Novkhany near Baku, where Mammad-Emin Rasulzade was born, where the only existing monument of him stands. The police did not put up any barriers, but walked around the area around and demanded people keep a distance. In general, everything went peacefully.

Novkhany Village. The children of Musavat party members are holding a portrait of Mamed-Emin Rasulzade (Facebook)

The post Republic Day celebration in Azerbaijan: this year, no one was detained appeared first on English Jamnews.

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CBA currency exchange rates (05.03.2021)

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According to the official exchange rates of the Central Bank of Azerbaijan for today, the USD remained unchanged at AZN 1.7000, EUR dropped 0.77% to AZN 2.0327, and RUB fell 0.87% to AZN 0.0228.

Currency

Exchange rates

1 USD (US dollar)

1.7000

1 EUR (Euro)

2.0327

1 RUB (Russian ruble)

0.0228

1 AUD (Australian dollar)

1.3103

1 ARS (Argentinean peso)

0.0188

1 BYN (Belarusian ruble)

0.6518

1 BRL (Brazilian real)

0.2999

1 UAE dirham

0.4628

1 ZAR (South African rand)

0.1109

100 KRW (South Korean won)

0.1506

1 CZK (Czech koruna)

0.0774

100 CLP (Chilean peso)

0.2342

1 CNY (Chinese yuan)

0.2626

1 DKK (Danish krone)

0.2734

1 GEL (Georgian lari)

0.5135

1 HKD (Hong Kong dollar)

0.2191

1 INR (Indian rupee)

0.0233

1 GBP (British pound)

2.3622

100 IDR (Indonesian rupiah)

0.0119

100 IRR (Iranian rial)

0.0040

1 SEK (Swedish krona)

0.1998

1 CHF (Swiss franc)

1.8298

1 ILS (Israeli shekel)

0.5125

1 CAD (Canadian dollar)

1.3427

1 KWD (Kuwaiti dinar)

5.6178

1 KZT (Kazakhstani tenge)

0.0041

1 KGS (Kyrgyzstani som)

0.0200

100 LBP (Lebanese pound)

0.1121

1 MYR (Malaysian ringgit)

0.4175

1 MXN (Mexican peso)

0.0805

1 MDL (Moldovan leu)

0.0969

1 EGP (Egyptian pound)

0.1083

1 NOK (Norwegian krone)

0.1977

100 ‎UZS (Uzbekistani som)

0.0162

1 PLN (Polish złoty)

0.4454

1 SGD (Singapore dollar)

1.2702

1 SAR (Saudi Arabian riyal)

0.4532

1 SDR (IMF)

2.4408

1 TRY (Turkish lira)

0.2261

1 TWD (Taiwan dollar)

0.0609

1 TJS (Tajikistani somoni)

0.1505

1TMT (New Turkmenistan Manat)

0.4857

1 UAH (Ukrainian hryvnia)

0.0614

100 JPY (Japanese yen)

1.5730

1 ‎NZD (New Zealand dollar)

1.2185

Gold (1 ounce)

2876.4340

Silver (1 ounce)

42.8392

Platinum (1 ounce)

1910.8170

Palladium (1 ounce)

3990.8180

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Azerbaijani Defense Minister offers condolence to Turkey 

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The Minister of Defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Colonel General Zakir Hasanov sent a condolence message to his Turkish counterpart Hulusi Akar and the Chief of the General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces Yashar Guler, Report informs, citing the Ministry.

The message says: "I am deeply saddened by the news about the death of high-ranking military servicemen, especially Commander of the 8th Corps, Lt. Gen. Osman Erbash as a result of the helicopter crash in eastern Bitlis, and injury of 11 soldiers in the vehicle crash in Shirnak. Your pain is our pain.
I pray Allah for the deceased servicemen, share the grief of their families and relatives, as well as express my deep condolences to them. I wish God's healing to all of the wounded servicemen.

May Almighty Allah rest them in peace."

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New images of Mars released

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The China National Space Administration releases three high-definition images of Mars, Report mentions, citing CGTN.

The footage was taken by the nation's first Mars exploration mission probe, Tianwen-1.

Earlier it was said that the Tianwen-1 probe had entered the support orbit of Mars.

#BREAKING The China National Space Administration releases three high-definition images of #Mars taken by the nation's first Mars exploration mission probe Tianwen-1 pic.twitter.com/niZnadV6hK

— CGTN (@CGTNOfficial) March 4, 2021

Tianwen-1 was launched from the Wenchang Cosmodrome on July 23 last year. The mission is to search for signs of life on Mars and opportunities for human use.

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