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Azerbaijani Opposition Figure Sent To Pretrial Detention Over Unsanctioned Rallies




Azerbaijani Opposition Figure Sent To Pretrial Detention Over Unsanctioned Rallies

BAKU — Mammad Ibrahim, an opposition politician in Azerbaijan, has been sent to pretrial detention over his participation in an unsanctioned rally.
A court in Baku on July 28 ruled that Ibrahim, who is a member of the general committee of the Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (AXCP), must stay in pretrial detention for four months.
Ibrahim was charged with an attempt to forcibly overthrow the government, damaging private property, resistance to police, and violating public order — allegations that his party says are politically motivated.
He was detained earlier along with about 30 activists from his party for participating in unsanctioned rallies on July 14-15 in support of the country’s armed forces amid an escalation of military tensions with neighboring Armenia.
Half of the detained individuals have faced the same charges.
Last week, another executive member of the party, Fuad Qahramanli, was also sent to pretrial detention on the same charges for attending the same rallies.
The AXCP leaders have insisted that neither Ibrahim nor Qahramanli participated in the rallies.
Opposition activists in Azerbaijan say the charges could pave the way for authorities to target more members of AXCP — including party leader Ali Karimli.
Karimli told RFE/RL last week that Azerbaijan's government is engaging in "political repression."
"Ever since President Ilham Aliyev announced the AXCP as an enemy, the security forces have taken that as an order," Karimli said.
Dozens of AXCP members have been arrested, and some imprisoned, in recent years on what their supporters have called trumped-up charges.
Aliyev's opponents, Western countries, and international human rights groups say his government has persistently persecuted critics, political foes, independent media outlets, and civic activists.
Aliyev denies any rights abuses. He took power in 2003 shortly before the death of his father, Heydar Aliyev, a former KGB officer and communist-era leader who had ruled Azerbaijan since 1993.

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Four wounded in knife attack near former Charlie Hebdo offices




This is a developing story. Please check for updates by refreshing the page.

At least two people have been wounded in a knife attack near the former offices of satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo.

French Prime Minister Jean Castex confirmed the incident on Friday. France’s National Anti-Terrorist Prosecutor’s Office (PNAT) has taken over the investigation

Police cordoned off the area including the former Charlie Hebdo offices, after a suspect package was noticed nearby.

“I was in my office. I heard screams in the road. I looked out of the window and saw a woman who was lying on the floor and had taken a whack in the face from what was possibly a machete,” a witness told Europe 1 radio. “I saw a second neighbour on the floor and I went to help.”

People walk towards security forces at the scene of an incident near the former offices of French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in Paris, France [Charles Platiau/Reuters]

It was unclear what motivated the attack or whether it was linked to Charlie Hebdo.

A Paris police official said that while authorities initially thought two attackers were involved, they now believe it was only one person.

Paris police said one person was arrested near the Bastille opera house, but cautioned that his profile did not match a witness description. A second suspect was arrested near the Richard Lenoir metro station, which is next to the former Charlie Hebdo offices.

Police initially announced that four people were wounded in the attack, but later confirmed there were two victims. One is believed to be seriously injured.

Nearby schools were placed under lockdown, with parents told not to pick up their children.

The attack comes three weeks after 14 people with suspected links to homegrown fighters who attacked the Charlie Hebdo offices in January 2015, killing 12 people, went on trial in Paris.

The court heard that they had sought to avenge the Prophet Mohammed, nearly a decade after the weekly published cartoons mocking him.

The magazine moved offices after the 2015 attack.

With reporting from Rebecca Rosman in Paris.

Security forces stand guard at the scene of an incident near the former offices of French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in Paris [Charles Platiau/Reuters]

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UK police officer shot dead by man detained in custody centre




A 23-year-old prisoner is in a critical condition in hospital after reportedly turning gun on himself.

A British police officer has been shot dead by a man who was being detained at a custody centre in south London in the early hours of Friday.

Police said the incident occurred while a man was being detained at the Croydon Custody Centre at about 2:15am. The unnamed officer was treated at the scene and taken to hospital where he died.

A 23-year-old man was detained at the scene of the shooting and was taken to hospital having also suffered a gunshot wound. He is in a critical condition in hospital.

Officers did not open fire and the BBC said it was believed the man turned the gun on himself. A murder investigation is under way, police added.

“This is a truly shocking incident in which one of our colleagues has lost his life in the most tragic circumstances,” London police chief Cressida Dick said.

“We are in the early stages of the investigation and are still working to establish the circumstances surrounding the incident and we will provide further updates when we have them.”

Britain’s interior minister, Priti Patel, said she was shocked and saddened by the killing.

“This is a sad day for our country and another terrible reminder of how our police officers put themselves in danger each and every day to keep the rest of us safe,” Patel said.

London’s Met Police said that no police firearms were discharged during the incident.

“We are in the process of informing all of the officer’s family and are supporting them with specialist officers,” the force said.

British police officers remain routinely unarmed, and a survey in 2017 suggested most did not want to carry weapons regularly.

“This is utterly devastating and heartbreaking news,” said John Apter, chairman of the National Police Federation which represents rank and file officers in England and Wales.



Al Jazeera, News Agencies

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Sea ice and a China surprise: Climate losses and gains




Eight years ago, I joined a World Wildlife Fund expedition in the Arctic that planned to sail to the very edge of the sea ice.

I wrote about how different things were in the far north: how your compass goes haywire, or how you could find yourself in a town where dogs outnumber humans or see giant icebergs calving off a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Eight years on, in Ilulissat, halfway up the west coast of Greenland, you can still do the latter. The UNESCO-protected Jakobshavn glacier and ice fjord is the biggest outlet for the massive ice sheet that covers 85 percent of Greenland.

As for the dogs, well, they are now outnumbered by humans – because disappearing ice means sled dogs are not the fundamental part of life they once were. And it is not just compasses that go haywire in the Arctic these days, but also the climate.

In 2012, our plan was to sail all the way across Baffin Bay and to the Canadian Arctic, visiting the northernmost Inuit communities at the front line of global warming. We never made it to the edge of the sea ice. But en route, we met Mads Ole Kristiansen, one of a line of hunters going back generations.

Kristiansen described the manifestations of global warming. He gestured high above his head to demonstrate how deep into the ice he used to have to dig to hunt seal 10 years ago. And now? He measured from the ground to his hip. The ice has diminished even more since then.

I proposed a scenario where one day the sea ice could disappear completely in the part of the year. Kristiansen, like other hunters we spoke to, could not countenance this. He could only talk about snow and ice as an absolute certainty.

“I always believe the ice is coming,” the hunter said. “I cannot imagine no ice.”

But now, in many places where sled dogs used to run, only boats can go. The ice is disappearing.

Arctic storm

We did not make it to the ice edge in 2012 because an almighty storm blew up. We saw very little sea ice at all. One weather system after another fumed across the freezing reaches of Baffin Bay, the vacant stretch of water between the desolate northern reaches of Greenland and Canada.

My diary entry sets the scene:

Several times we tried to anchor off Ellesmere Island but were blown off by 50 knot gusts. At one point we just motored in circles for 16 tumbling hours because there was insufficient sea room to heave to. It’s pretty demoralising to get back up on deck for your next watch after six hours sleep, only to see the boat motoring along in exactly the same spot. The only compensation is watching the fulmars glide and dip along the smoking wave crests.

In the end, we made a run for it to Grise Fiord, Canada’s most northerly community. Later we learned why we had seen so little sea ice. It had retreated way to the north to a record minimum of 3.57 million square kilometres.

And that record still stands. The ice minimum for 2020 was announced this week at 3.74 million square kilometres (1.44 million square miles), which is the second-lowest figure ever recorded.

By comparison, when records began in 1979, there were 7.05 million square kilometres  (2.72 million square miles) of sea ice. And the 14 lowest sea ice extents have occurred in the past 14 years. It is not getting any better and some say we are on a trajectory to have a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean by the century’s end.

Circling the drain

The Greenpeace ship, Arctic Sunrise, has been documenting this year’s sea-ice minimum. On board is polar expert Laura Meller.

“The rapid loss of sea ice in the Arctic is a sobering indicator of how closely our planet is circling the drain,” Meller said.

“As the Arctic ice melts, more heat will be trapped by the ocean and all of us will be more exposed to the devastating impacts of the climate crisis.”

Cause for optimism

But this week at the UN General Assembly, something interesting happened. China stepped to the fore and sent a strong signal of intent to other nations, pledging to be carbon neutral by 2060. China is the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases, which create the blanket that warms the Earth.

I spoke to the chief architect of the Paris Agreement, Christiana Figueres. She welcomed China’s move but said there was a long way to go despite areas of progress.

“We have to be able to decarbonise the economy by 50 percent by 2030 and without China we cannot do that,” said Figueres, who now runs the think-tank Global Optimism.

“I would prefer for climate action to be much faster than it currently is and at a greater scale because that is what we need. We know we are on an exponential curve of growth in terms of natural disasters and nature is sending us constant warning signs about how we have to wake up and cut our emissions.”

Figueres pointed out that in the past five years, the world has dramatically advanced into the clean energy space – from the electrification of vehicles to investments in batteries. Now is the time for leadership.

“We have to put our energy, our thinking, our financing and all of our efforts into the future we want to create.”

2020 was supposed to be the year of climate ambition. But the pandemic stymied negotiations. 2021, without fail, must be the year when we finally get a grip on the battle ahead, because time, like the sea ice, is melting away.

Your environment round-up

1. Satellite snapshot of Earth’s methane emissions: A powerful new satellite called Iris is able to map methane emissions in the atmosphere and identify individual sources. The greenhouse gas is said to be a key contributor to global warming.

2. Botswana elephant death debacle: 350 elephants in the Okavango delta died mysteriously between May and June. Now Botswana’s government says they may have ingested toxins produced by bacteria in waterholes.

3. Mystery of the mass whale-stranding: More than 450 pilot whales have been stranded off the coast of Tasmania. This is the largest stranding event the island state has seen.

4. Ice loss on Africa’s highest peak halts adventurer: After Will Gadd’s planned ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro was stopped by extensive glacial ice loss, the climber is rethinking his sport and his carbon footprint.

The final word

One of the bitter lessons I have learnt is that those of us who are excited by new ideas are few in number. Many people feel deeply threatened by them, regardless of their merits or faults.

George Monbiot, Twitter, Sept 23, 2020

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