Connect with us

National

Hundreds of Azerbaijani Jews Demonstrate Against Armenia’s Aggression

Avatar

Published

on

On Monday in Tel Aviv-Jaffa, between 500 and 600 Azerbaijani Jews marched along the Old City of Jaffa and then demonstrated outside of the Armenian Cultural Center and the Armenian Church. They were angry about the fact that in a recent border skirmish, Armenian mortar fire killed a 76-year-old Azerbaijani citizen and 12 Azerbaijani servicemen, after there was intense hostilities for several days in the Tovuz region of Azerbaijan.

Rabbi Shmuel Siman Tov, who addressed the demonstration, declared that Armenia killed his in-law and his brother, and he accused Armenia of engaging in illegal conquests, in reference to Armenia’s occupation of the Nagorno-Karabakh region in violation of four UN Security Council Resolutions and seven other Azeri districts: “We demand that the Armenian Armed Forces will withdraw from the historic Azerbaijani lands of Nagorno-Karabakh and 7 adjacent Azerbaijani regions. Azerbaijan and Israel stand together. Am Israel Chai! Am Azerbaijan Chai.”

Israeli political analyst Arye Gut, who organized the demonstration, also spoke out against the occupation of Karabakh: “On behalf of the Azerbaijani-Jewish diaspora of Israel, I responsibly declare that our demonstration in support of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijani soldiers is absolutely peaceful, and we, as Israelis, immigrants from Azerbaijan, have the right, within the framework of Israeli legislation, to hold demonstrations where we think it is necessary. We have no intentions to commit any provocations either against the Armenian cultural center, nor against the Armenian church. We are immigrants from Azerbaijan, citizens of Israel – tolerant of all peoples and religions.”

“We only demand that Armenia comply with the UN Security Council resolutions and liberate Nagorno-Karabakh and 7 adjacent regions of Azerbaijan, which are the historical and internationally recognized territory of Azerbaijan, and have one million Azerbaijani refugees return to their ancestral land,” Gut reiterated.

“Armenia is striving by all means possible to spoil relations between Israel and Azerbaijan,” he added. “They can’t do it. Azerbaijan is a real strategic partner of Israel in the world. Azerbaijan is an example of multiculturalism and tolerance. Today, there is a 25,000-strong Jewish community in Azerbaijan. And in contrast, Armenia has almost no Jews. There are 50 ethnic Jews in Armenia.”

“How can we, Israelis, react to the monument erected four years ago in Yerevan to commemorate Nzhadeh, an anti-Semite and apparent Nazi accomplice,” Gut asked rhetorically. “The prolongation of his memory is a reprehensible insult to the memory of the victims of the Holocaust. For me personally, someone whose grandfather lost all members of his family to the Nazi atrocities in the Ukraine, this is irredeemable emotionally painful. It is no longer a hushed secret, and the ideology of fascism, the glorification of Armenian fascists and Nazis who worked closely with Nazi Germany, are being promoted at the state level in Armenia. What is even more outrageous is that the fascist ideology called Nzhadehism is included in Armenia’s educational institutions curriculum and generations are brought up on these values. The Jewish people will never forget the acts of cruelty committed by the 20,000 Armenian legionnaires led by Nzhdeh during World War II. Historic documents confirm this fact. The purpose of the Armenian Legion led by Nzhdeh was to raid the homes and destroy the lives of Jews, as well as others objectionable to the Germany Army. It was thanks to the Armenian Legion that the towns of Simferopol, Yevpatoria, Alushta, Kerch and Feodosia, as well as other areas of Western Crimea, were completedly expunged of Jews. Garagen Nzhdeh is a national hero and has a memorial in the middle of Yerevan. He was a fascist but because he was Armenian, he is a national hero. It does not work like that.”

The head of the Azerbaijani House in Israel Shirin Nehamia Michaeli thanked the compatriots who supported the march: “On the ancient land of Azerbaijan, Judaism, Islam and Christianity coexisted. This land continues to show an incredible desire for religious tolerance today. Azerbaijanis have lived for centuries and feel like brothers. They are linked by a common destiny and common history.”

“And we declare with full responsibility to the whole world and, most importantly, to the Armenian occupiers that the Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is both our tragedy and pain, since truth and justice are on Azerbaijan’s side,” she proclaimed. “In this terrible war against the occupiers, Jews and Azerbaijanis have always fought together – we lived, rejoiced and fought together. We, immigrants from Azerbaijan, are proud of the fact that in this war against the Armenian invaders, one of the first national heroes of an independent Azerbaijan was our brother Albert Agarunov, who became a symbol of courage and brotherhood for the Azerbaijani and Jewish peoples.”

Firidun, who attended the demonstration, claimed that he joined this protest because Armenia is illegally occupying Azerbaijani land: “We want our land back, so the refugees can return home. Due to the occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh, one million Azerbaijani citizens are refugees. This leaves many people without a home. But what is worse than that is that they try to take more land. From the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, they want it all.” Baruck Idano concurred with Firidun, stressing that Armenia has made a huge mess and that Karabakh is Azerbaijani land.

Mari Rjanorosky, another demonstrator, added; “On February 25-6, 1992, the Armenian Armed Forces committed an act of genocide against the population of the Azerbaijani town of Khojaly. A startling 613 people were killed, 487 people were crippled, and 1,275 old men, women and children were captured and subjected to torture and humiliation. The civilians who managed to escape were brutally murdered in the forest by the Armenian military. The Khojaly civilian population was massacred because they were Azerbaijanis. This barbaric cruelty towards innocent children, women and old people has no explanation. This is not the tragedy of one generation, but also one of the worst crimes in the history of mankind, for they murdered them in one night in cold blood. Yet sadly, as recent events demonstrate, the issue still exists. 20% of Azerbaijan is under occupation. We want for the international community to do something and to seek justice for Azerbaijan.”

Throughout the demonstration, the protesters chanted, “Stop the Armenian aggression against Karabakh,” “stop the Armenian occupation,” “Karabakh is a historical part of Azerbaijan,” “Karabakh, Karabakh is Azerbaijan,” “It is our Karabakh,” and “Israel respects Azerbaijan.” They also held up signs that proclaimed, “Nazi anti-Semitic General Garagin Nzhdeh is an embarrassment that desecrates the memory of Holocaust victims,” “Stop Armenian aggression: remember the children of Khojaly,” “Stop Armenian terrorism against Azerbaijan,” “The State of Israel respects entirely the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan,” “I am from Azerbaijan and 20% of my country is occupied by Armenia,” and “Justice for Khojaly.” Israeli and Azerbaijani flags were waved by everyone in the crowd, while a few participants also waved Turkish flags.

In a war of music, the Azerbaijani Jewish community blasted nationalist music in Azeri Turkish, so that they will make more noise than a small group of Armenian counterdemonstrators. The counterdemonstrators barricaded themselves on the balcony inside the Armenian Cultural Center, while waving Armenian flags and blaring Armenian music. However, their music and messages were so drowned out by the Azerbaijani Jewish community’s loud music in Azeri Turkish accompanied by vibrant chants and them screaming “boo” that in the end, they left the balcony and went inside the cultural center out of frustration. As they left, someone in the crowd threatened even larger demonstrations in the future, if the Armenians there do not pass on their message of discontent to Yerevan.

In an exclusive interview, Gut noted that it is critical to emphasize that these acts of violence that occurred recently along the Azerbaijani-Armenian border took place about 300 kilometers away from the Nagorno-Karabakh region and “adjacent to 7 regions of Azerbaijan which are occupied by Armenia. While the previous Armenian regimes tried to refrain from provocations at the countries’ mutual border, Armenia’s current regime went in a completely different direction.”

“Why did official Yerevan decide to launch a military adventure on the state border, rather than in occupied Nagorno Karabakh region,” Gut pondered. “There are several factors that can explain the transfer of the theater of operations from the contact lines in Karabakh to the state border. First one, a year ago, the government of Azerbaijan decided to transfer the supervision of the state border with Armenia from the Defense Ministry to the State Border Services. This decision caused hysterical panic in Armenia, where they would like the border to remain in the status of a war zone, which would enable the Armenian armed forces to quietly advance positions into Azerbaijani territories.”

“Second one, from the first days of coming into power, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan began making excessive demands from its strategic ally, Russia, and the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO),” he noted. “With its military recklessness, Armenia pursues the objective of drawing the military-political organizations, to which it is a party, into the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict, in order to evade the responsibility of the occupation and aggression against Azerbaijan. Armenia’s aggression against Azerbaijan for nearly 30 years and occasional provocations perpetrated along the border also contravene the legal documents of the military-political organizations with which Armenia is a member. However, Armenia clearly stated that military operations in Karabakh are Azerbaijan’s internal affairs and do not fall under the allies’ obligations. Neither Russia nor the CSTO supported Armenia’s action and did not condemn Azerbaijan. They called on the parties to restrain themselves and for a cessation of hostilities. Armenia’s provocation, perpetrated along the border with Azerbaijan, is yet more evidence that official Yerevan is disinterested in a negotiated settlement of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict.”

“By acting so, Armenia’s leadership aims to escalate the situation, against the backdrop of the socio-economic problems deteriorated further by the widespread nature of COVID-19 in Armenia,” Gut declared. “Aside from the COVID-19 pandemic, Armenia has many domestic economic problems such as power failures, a deep economic crisis, a 30 percent unemployment rate and a 50 percent poverty rate. In other words, by provoking military hostilities on the border with Azerbaijan, the current Armenian Prime Minister tried to preserve his power, diverting the attention of his people away from internal problems, some of which were much intensified by the coronavirus pandemic.”

For these reasons, Gut declared the Azerbaijani Jewish community decided to protest in Tel Aviv en masse, despite the dangers posed by the coronavirus pandemic: “We are Jews from Azerbaijan, and we protest against the Armenian provocations and in support of Azerbaijan. That is different from the US and other parts of the globe, where Armenian protesters confronted mainly Azerbaijani Muslim demonstrators. If there were no police, they would have attacked us, like they did in Los Angeles and other places. I invited the police so that they could not do a provocation. I wanted a peaceful demonstration. A war of music, culture and our demands against Armenia, not a war of soldiers.”

By all accounts, it appears that Azerbaijan won the war of music, as many cars that passed by honked their horns in solidarity with Azerbaijan. The demonstration ended with the crowd playing both the Israeli and Azerbaijani national anthems.

Continue Reading

National

Tensions between Armenia and Azerbaijan appear to have flared up

Avatar

Published

on

(CNN)Long-simmering tensions between Armenia and Azerbaijan appear to have flared up in the contested Nagorno-Karabakh region, with both sides accusing each other of attacking civilians amid reports of casualties.

The neighboring former Soviet republics have long been at odds over the territory — which is situated within the borders of Azerbaijan — and fought a war over it that finished in 1994.
Despite the conflict ending with a Russian-brokered ceasefire, military skirmishes between the two sides are not uncommon.
While Armenia said it was responding to missile attacks launched by its neighbor Sunday, Azerbaijan blamed Armenia for the clashes.
In response to the alleged firing of projectiles by Azerbaijan, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan tweeted that his country had “shot down 2 helicopters & 3 UAVs, destroyed 3 tanks.”
Arayik Harutyunyan, leader of the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, a de facto independent Armenian state not recognized internationally which controls Nagorno-Karabakh, said the region had lost positions to Azerbaijan.
“We have lost some positions. Mostly in the direction of Talysh and in the southern parts,” Harutyunyan said during a press conference Sunday.
As a result of the escalating tensions, the Armenian government has decided to impose martial law and to order “general mobilization,” Pashinyan said in a later tweet.
Azerbaijan’s parliament on Sunday voted to impose martial law, effective as of midnight (4 p.m. ET), and President Ilham Aliyev approved the decision.
Armenia earlier claimed that its neighbor had targeted civilians in peaceful areas, including in Stepanakert, the region’s capital.
Artak Beglaryan, an Artsakh official Artsakh, said in a tweet that a mother and child had been killed.
Beglaryan also said dozens of people had been wounded and large infrastructural damage had been caused, adding: “Azerbaijan is intentionally targeting civilian objects.”
However, Azerbaijan suggested Armenia was accountable for the latest flare-up between the two countries.
Hikmet Hajiyev, assistant of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and head of the Foreign Policy Affairs Department of the presidential administration, tweeted Sunday: “There are reports of dead and wounded among civilians and military servicemen. Extensive damage has been inflicted on many homes and civilian infrastructure.”
Accusing Armenia of “an act of aggression and use of force,” Hajiyev added that the “political-military leadership of Armenia bears full responsibility.”
At least five people in one family were killed as a result of artillery shelling by Armenian armed forces on Sunday, according to Azerbaijan’s state news agency APA, which cited the Azerbaijani prosecutor general’s office.
So far, 19 civilians have been injured and hospitalized following the clashes, APA reported.
At least 14 civilians were injured in villages along the border due to artillery and tank fire from the breakaway Armenian enclave, according to state media Azertac. CNN has been unable to independently verify claims by either side.
“Currently, the Azerbaijan Army is taking retaliatory actions and our troops fully control the operational situation,” Azerbaijan’s Ministry of Defense said in a statement Sunday.
But Armenia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement: “We strongly condemn the aggression of the military-political leadership of Azerbaijan.”
“The military political leadership of Azerbaijan bears full responsibility for the consequences of their aggression,” the statement added.
Fighting between the two sides has been increasing in recent months.
In 2016, dozens of soldiers from both countries died during clashes. Two years earlier, then-UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged Armenia and Azerbaijan to “commit themselves to immediate de-escalation and continuing dialogue” after reports of violence and casualties along the border.
The Nagorno-Karabakh region is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan but is governed by a majority group of ethnic Armenians.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan voiced support for Azerbaijan on Sunday, claiming that Armenia is “the biggest threat to peace and security in the region.”
“The Turkish nation continues to stand by its Azerbaijani brothers and sisters with all its means, as it has always done,” Erdogan said on Twitter.
Meanwhile, Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed the escalation in a phone call with Armenian Prime Minister Pashinyan, according to statements from the Kremlin and from the Armenian Prime Minister’s Office.
The Kremlin statement said Putin expressed concern at the clashes, saying, “It was noted that it is important now to take all necessary efforts to prevent a military escalation of the confrontation, and most importantly, to stop military operations.”
The United States said it was “alarmed” by reports of military action between Armenia and Azerbaijan and urged both sides to cease hostilities immediately, according to a statement from US State Department Spokesperson Morgan Ortagus.

Read More

Continue Reading

National

Armenia and Azerbaijan Clash Over Disputed Region

Avatar

Published

on

Fighting erupted Sunday between Armenia and Azerbaijan, two former Soviet republics that have clashed over control of a disputed territory for three decades, raising fear of a new full-blown war in the South Caucasus.

Armenia declared martial law and military mobilization after accusing Azerbaijan of launching a missile and artillery attack on the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijan blamed Armenia for triggering the fighting, calling it an act of aggression. Both sides reported civilian deaths and injuries, without…

Read More

Continue Reading

National

Tanks Ablaze As Azerbaijani Forces Attack Armenian Troops In Disputed Nagorno-Karabakh

Avatar

Published

on

On Sunday morning, Azerbaijani artillery, rockets, drones and combat aircraft began a series of attacks on Armenian positions in the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, just two months after clashes in July left at least seventeen dead. The shelling and air strikes were apparently followed by ground attacks.

The new round of fighting has reportedly resulted in civilian deaths and the destruction of multiple armored vehicles and combat aircraft. Both sides accuse the other of inventing the losses. Armenia has declared martial law and is mobilizing its reservists.

The conflict also threatens to involve regional powers Russia and Turkey in support of the opposing nations.

The website of Azerbaijan’s Ministry of Defense claims it was “striking enemy command posts…along the length of the entire front” in retaliation for Armenian artillery fire. The attack, which began around 8 a.m. local time, extended to the Nagorno-Karabakh capital of Stepanakert and reportedly resulted in the deaths of at least two civilians: a girl and a woman.

Screen capture of video released by Armenian Defense Ministry purportedly showing an Azerbaijani T-72 tank being struck by a mine or anti-tank fire.

A spokeswoman for the Armenian Defense Ministry claimed its forces shot down four Azerbaijani helicopters and 15 drones, and destroyed ten tanks and infantry fighting vehicles.

It also released multiple videos appearing to show at least five tanks hitting mines or being struck by munitions, as well as several lighter vehicles apparently being destroyed.

A tank struck by a munition may not necessarily be destroyed. However, one video appears to show ammunition stores cooking off internally inside a tank, resulting in horrific jets of flame leaping from the turret. Another video shows a very tightly grouped unit of tanks being hit by shellfire—a significant tactical error.

Photo released by Nagorno-Karabakh armed forces purportedly to show destruction of an Azerbaijani armored fighting vehicle (AFV) on September 27, 2020.

Azerbaijan’s Ministry of Defense responded by stating the Armenian claims were “false and disinformation,” conceding only the loss of one Azerbaijani helicopter, the crew of which reportedly survived.

In turn, the Azerbaijani military claimed to have destroyed twelve Armenian 2K33 Osa (SA-8) short-range air defense systems. It released a video appearing to show three being knocked out by drone strikes.

Azerbaijan’s military also claims to have captured a half-dozen villages in territory formerly controlled by Armenian forces. Armenia denied the loss of territory.

Three Decades Of War

The two small Central Asian nations—Armenia counts nearly 3 million citizens and Azerbaijan, over 10 million—have been locked in conflict for 32 years over the fate of the ethnically diverse Nagorno-Kabarakh region, which has an Armenian majority but which was administratively designated an autonomous region in Azerbaijan during Soviet rule. Violent clashes over the region’s status began in 1988, before the Soviet Union’s dissolution.

Azerbaijan. Nagorno-Karabakh War. Military actions in Shelli village. Photo ITAR-TASS / Sergei Mamontov; Alexander Nemyonov (Photo by TASS via Getty Images)

Full-scale warfare ended in 1994 after 30,000 deaths and atrocities committed by both sides. Today, Armenian forces back a de facto Nagorno-Karabakh (or Artsakh) Republic which is not recognized by Baku. But Armenian and Azerbaijani forces never stopped skirmishing over the heavily fortified border, even escalating to a brief but intense border war in 2016.

Armenian forces well-entrenched in mountainous terrain have historically prevailed in most skirmishes with Azerbaijan. However, Azerbaijan has over three times the population and can draw on substantial oil wealth—and in the last decade Baku has used it to purchase billions of dollars in advanced military systems.

Israeli drones in particular seemed to have facilitated some Azeri tactical successes, and also conveniently provide drone strike footage which can be used to support narratives of military success.

The unmanned combat aerial vehicle Harop is presented at Israel’s IAI Chalet at the International Paris Airshow at Le Bourget on June 17, 2015. AFP PHOTO / ERIC PIERMONT (Photo credit should read ERIC PIERMONT/AFP via Getty Images)

Looming over the region is Russia, which is supplying powerful weapons like TOS-1 thermobaric rocket artillery to both sides of the conflict despite its alliance with Armenia. Other potent hardware Moscow has sold to the belligerents include T-90 tanks and Mi-35M armored helicopter gunships for Azerbaijan, and Iskander-E ballistic missiles which Armenia could use to strike Azerbaijan’s oil industry.

At the same time, Russia is involved in the OSCE’s Minsk Group alongside France and the United States, which is attempting to mediate a peaceful resolution to the long-running Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

Turkey, meanwhile, has openly supported Azerbaijan, and its recent offensive against Armenia, which it Erdogan described Sunday as “an obstacle to peace.” The Turkish leader has in the past invoked shared Muslim faith and ethnic affinity with Azerbaijan. Erdogan also appears increasingly drawn to foreign adventures in places like Libya and Syria in a bid to reclaim the former regional influence of the Ottoman Empire.

There are unconfirmed claims that Turkey may have recruited and airlifted refugee fighters from Syria to support Azerbaijani forces in Nagorno-Karabakh, but Ankara denies the allegations.

There are also indications that Turkey may have supported Azerbaijan’s offensive with its own very capable drone forces, possibly performing surveillance flights or even air strikes using precision munitions.

The July Clashes

The current attack was preceded by hostilities begun on July 12 on the northern end of the Armenian-Azerbaijan border, ostensibly after Armenian forces opened fired on an Azerbaijani UAZ jeep heading towards their position. (Azerbaijan claims the Armenian forces opened fire unprovoked.)

Fighting rapidly escalated to involve mortar and heavy artillery bombardments, armored vehicles, and combat and surveillance drones. Azerbaijan employed Israeli Spike-NLOS loitering precision strike missiles against Armenian positions and targeted the Armenian internet with a wave of cyberattacks. Armenia deployed Su-30SM jet fighters on air patrols and domestically built X-55 drones on reconnaissance missions. Both sides claimed to have destroyed well over a dozen drones.

Perhaps most consequentially, on July 14 over 30,000 nationalist protestors gathered in Baku calling for an escalation in the conflict. The protests eventually took on anti-government tone, leading to the storming of the parliament before being broken up.

Fighting petered off a week later, by which time twelve Azerbaijanis were killed, including a Major General and a 76-year-old civilian. The Armenian side lost five dead and one mortally wounded soldier.

Senior U.S. officials barely made any note of the crisis. Paul Stronski wrote for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace that “the administration of President Donald Trump has yet to issue a policy on the South Caucasus region, creating a vacuum that other powers—including Iran and Russia—appear eager to fill. The lack of senior level response to the latest violence shows once again that Washington does not see the Caucasus as a priority.”

Given the distractions of the U.S. presidential campaign, U.S. diplomatic disengagement seems likely to continue.

In an article in Foreign Policy magazine, Neil Hauer notes that Azerbaijani governments were toppled twice in the 1990s due to military failures in the conflict with Armenia. Thus the escalation of the protests on July 14 were likely particularly alarming for autocrat Ilham Aliyev, who has ruled Azerbaijan since 2003.

Therefore, the current Azerbaijani offensive may be a bid by Aliyev to stabilize his government by seeking to satisfy nationalistic demands for military escalation and victory, while diverting attention away from domestic problems including economic recession brought on by the Covid-19 pandemic and collapsing oil prices.

SAINT PETERSBURG, RUSSIA – JUNE 20: (RUSSIA OUT) Russian President Vladimir Putin meets with Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev at Konstantin Palace June 20, 2016 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The Presidents of Russia, Azerbaijan and Armenia gathered in Saint Petersburg to discuss the Nagorno-Karabakh conflct. (Photo by Mikhail Svetlov/Getty Images)

Moscow, in turn, may pressure Baku to deescalate as the attack weakens the credibility of the military deterrence Russia provides Armenia. Reportedly, Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov has already had telephone conversations both with Armenian foreign minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan and Turkish foreign minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu.

Whether the new offensive can deliver military success, real or perceived, for Aliyev’s government and to what degree the fighting may escalate remains to be seen.

Whatever the case, the renewed fighting is a blow to hopes for peace in the region and the civilian communities exposed to deadly heavy artillery and drone strikes.

Article updated 8:40 AM EST on Sunday with new claims, links and videos pertaining to losses in the conflict.

Continue Reading

Facebook

Trending