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Azerbaijan marks 31st anniversary of Black January

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By Vafa Ismayilova

Azerbaijan marks the 31st anniversary of Black January, namely the brutal killing of over 130 people and wounding of hundreds of civilians by the Soviet army in capital Baku and outskirts on January 20, 1990.

This epochal event was the deciding factor in forming Azerbaijani national identity and marked a turning point in restoring national independence. It was the January tragedy that turned a national liberation movement into political reality and gave a strong impetus to the Azerbaijani people`s struggle for independence.

Black January

On the night of January 19-20, under direct instructions from Mikhail Gorbachev, the then General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, military units from the USSR Defence Ministry, State Security Committee and Interior Ministry entered Baku and nearby regions, massacring the civilian population using heavy military equipment and other various forms of weaponry.

The Soviet army deployed a large contingent of special and internal troops in Baku who displayed unprecedented cruelty against the peaceful population. The army had brutally killed 82 civilians and severely wounded 20 others until a curfew was announced.

Several days after the curfew was announced, 21 more civilians were murdered in Baku. Eight more civilians were killed in areas where a curfew had not been imposed, on January 25 in Neftchala and on January 26 in Lankaran. As a result of the January tragedy, 131 civilians were killed and 744 more were wounded in Baku and nearby regions. Among those killed were women, children and the elderly, medical employees and policemen.

Mass arrests accompanied the illegal deployment of troops and the subsequent military intervention. A total of 841 civilians were arrested in Baku and other cities and regions of the republic, 112 of whom were sent to prisons in different cities of the USSR. The Soviet troops fired on 200 homes, 80 cars and set fire to a large number of public and private property, including ambulances.

Political-legal recognition of January 20

The first political-legal recognition of the January 20 tragedy came on March 29, 1994, when Azerbaijan’s legislative body Milli Majlis adopted a relevant resolution on national leader Heydar Aliyev`s initiative.

The resolution read: “The deployment of the Soviet troops in the city of Baku and several other regions and the brutal killing of civilians, with the intent to suppress, to break the confidence and will of a people who by peaceful means demanded a new democratic and sovereign state and to humiliate their national identity as a show of Soviet army power must be regarded as a military aggression and crime of the totalitarian communist regime against the people of Azerbaijan.”

The Azerbaijani people continue to hold the memories of the martyrs dear to their hearts. On January 20 of each year, thousands of people visit the Alley of Martyrs to pay their tributes by laying flowers, say prayers for the victims and express their condemnation of the perpetrators of the tragedy. Each year at midday on January 20, a nationwide moment of silence is observed to commemorate January 20 martyrs. Ships, cars, and trains sound sirens throughout the country, commemorative events are held in all cities and towns, and the national flag is lowered on all buildings.

MFA statement

In its recent statement this year, the Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry commented on factors that stipulated the strengthening determination of the Azerbaijani nation to get independent from the Soviet Union.

“In the late 1980s, the aggressive separatist activities of chauvinist-minded Armenians in the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region of Azerbaijan, the USSR's support for these activities, and the subsequent forcible and brutal deportation of hundreds of thousands of Azerbaijanis from Armenia gave impetus to the expansion of the anti-Soviet movement in Azerbaijan," the ministry said.

The statement by the ministry later added that “it was on the night of January 19-20, 1990, that the Soviet army entered the country in order to prevent a nationwide movement and break the will of the Azerbaijani people to commit an unprecedented massacre of civilians in gross violation of international law and the Constitutions of the former USSR and Azerbaijan SSR”.

“However, the events of January 1990 did not break the determination of the Azerbaijani people to independence, and the country regained its independence. Today, the independence and sovereignty of Azerbaijan are unambiguously recognized and supported by the entire international community", the statement added.

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Armenian Aggression

Ensuring security in Karabakh our top priority – Turkish president

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By Trend

By liberating its lands in Karabakh, Azerbaijan opened up new opportunities in the region, Trend reports, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, Trend reports.

Erdogan made the remark at the 14th summit of leaders of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).

"The main priority for us is to ensure security in Karabakh. For this we will do our best," the Turkish president said.

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Azerbaijan expects creating new broadcasting opportunities for Internet TV, radio channels

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By Trend

New broadcasting opportunities for Internet TV and radio channels can be created in Azerbaijan, Head of the Office of the National Council for Television and Radio (NCTR) Fazil Novruzov said in an interview with the local Real TV channel, Trend reports on Mar.4.

According to Novruzov, in this regard broadcasters of the Internet TV and radio channels apply to the NCTR.

“There are technical possibilities, but there are gaps from a legal point of view. We made the proposals that broadcasters of Internet TV and radio channels, after undergoing simplified procedures, would be entered into the relevant register and would be able to broadcast on other platforms, for example, in the cable network, on the IP or OTP platforms. This will help expand their audience," he added.

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Prices for precious metals in Azerbaijan decline

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By Trend

Prices for precious metals in Azerbaijan on March 4 have decreased compared to previous indicators, Trend reports citing data from the Central Bank of Azerbaijan.

Thus, an ounce of gold fell by 37.9185 manat or $22.3 (1.29 percent), amounting to 2,911.3095 manat or $1,712, and an ounce of silver – by 0.9539 manat or 56 cents (2.1 percent), amounting to 44.3974 manat or $26.1. The price per ounce of platinum decreased by 69.1645 manat or $40.68 (3.38 percent) and amounted to 1,974.21 manat or $1,161, and per ounce of palladium – by 23.5025 manat or $13.8 (0.58 percent), amounting to 4,008.8975 manat or $2,358.

Over the month, the price of an ounce of gold decreased by 187.3825 manat or $1,102 (6 percent), and an ounce of silver – by 0.6726 manat or $39 cents (1.5 percent). The price per ounce of platinum rose by 129.948 manat or $76.4 (7 percent), and per ounce of palladium – by 174.9385 manat or $102.9 (4.6 percent).

Over the year, gold rose by 117.7335 manat or $69.2 (4.2 percent), silver – by 15.0705 manat or $8.86 (51.4 percent), platinum – by 464.27 manat or $273.1 (30.7 percent), and palladium fell by 2,216.035 manat or $1,303 (5.2 percent).

Date:

Gold

(XAU)

Silver

(XAG)

Platinum

(XPT)

Palladium

(XPD)

Mar.4, 2021

2,911.3095

44.3974

1,974.21

4,008.8975

Mar.3, 2021

2,949.228

45.3513

2,043.3745

4,032.4

Feb.4, 2021

3,098.692

45.07

1,844.262

3,833.959

Mar.4, 2020

2,793.576

29.3269

1,509.94

4,230.501

Change in a day

in man.

-37.9185

-0.9539

-69.1645

-23.5025

in %

-1.29

-2.1

-3.38

-0.58

Change in a month

in man.

-187.3825

-0.6726

129.948

174.9385

in %

-6

-1.5

7

4.6

Change in a year

in man.

117.7335

15.0705

464.27

-221.6035

in %

4.2

51.4

30.7

-5.2

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