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Greenland ice sheet melting rapidly

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Researchers say the Greenland ice sheet shed enough water in one day "to cover Florida with two inches of water." Experts fear an acceleration of the trend as atmospheric patterns change and temperatures rise.

The Greenland ice sheet experienced a "massive melting event" this week, releasing enough mass "to cover Florida with 2 inches (5 centimeters) of water," according to Danish government researchers who monitor the ice sheet, Report informs via DW.

The researchers, who post the results of their monitoring on the website Polar Portal, said the melting event on July 28 was the third-largest single-day loss of ice in Greenland since 1950 — with the others happening in 2012 and 2019.

Although the 2019 event was more significant by volume, researchers say the latest event affected a bigger area.

An estimated 22 gigatonnes of ice melted from the sheet on July 28.

More than half of that mass (12 gigatonnes) flowed into the ocean, according to climate scientist Xavier Fettweis of the University of Liege in Belgium.

He noted that prior heavy snowfall allowed the remaining ten gigatonnes to be absorbed and potentially refrozen.

A gigatonne is a unit of mass equivalent to one billion metric tons or 2.2 trillion pounds.

Scientists have pointed to changes in atmospheric circulation patterns as a determining factor, noting that the exceptionally rapid melting followed warm air being trapped over the Arctic island.

The Danish Meteorological Institute is currently reporting summer temperatures exceeding 20 degrees Celsius in northern Greenland — twice the summer average.

On July 29, thermometers in the region hit 23.4 degrees Celsius.

Greenland, the world's largest non-continental island, is also home to the only permanent ice sheet on earth beyond Antarctica.

That fact makes it the second-largest mass of fresh water on the planet — the Greenland ice sheet and Antarctica contain 70% of the world's freshwater.

Scientists estimate global sea levels could rise between 6 and 7 meters if the sheet were to melt entirely.

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Former head of Iranian Central Bank sentenced to 10 years on corruption charges

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A former governor of Iran’s Central Bank, Valiollah Seif, was sentenced on Saturday to 10 years in prison on corruption charges involving the mismanagement of millions of dollars, the judiciary said.

Report informs, citing Reuters, that Seif and two of his deputies, who also received jail terms, were found guilty of "disturbing the foreign exchange market, the country's economic climate and mismanagement,” a judiciary spokesman was quoted as saying by state media.

State TV said Seif and one of his deputies, Ahmad Araghchi, who was sentenced to eight years in jail, had "provided illegal conditions for the mismanagement of about $160 million and 20 million euros."

Another deputy, Salar Aghakhani, was sentenced to 13 years.

Seif led the central bank from 2013 to 2018 under former President Hassan Rouahni's administration. He was replaced by Abdolnasser Hemmati.

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How did natural gas tariffs change in Azerbaijan?

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At today's meeting, the Tariff Council adopted relevant decisions on the regulation of wholesale and retail tariffs for natural gas.

Report informs that, according to the decision, in the population category, tariffs increased by AZN 0.02 for annual consumption of up to 1,200 cubic meters (1,200 cubic meters included) and AZN 0.12 for one cubic meter.

Tariffs for the population within the consumption limits of 1,200 to 2,500 cubic meters and over 2,500 cubic meters remained unchanged at AZN 0.20 and AZN 0.25, respectively. Gas tariffs for industry and agriculture in the non-population category are increased from AZN 0.20 to AZN 0.22.

The tariff for gas sold by Azeristiliktejizat OJSC to yard boiler houses and CNG filling stations increases from AZN 0.13 to 0.171. Tariffs for gas supplied to other consumers remain at the same level of AZN 0.25 per 1,000 cubic meters and for gas used as crude in the production of methanol and urea products at AZN 0.20.

The tariff for gas sold by Azerkontrakt OJSC to Azerenerji OJSC for energy generation is increased from AZN 0.13 to AZN 0.171. The tariff for gas purchased from the Azneft PA increases from AZN 0.75 to AZN 0.9.

Moreover, the tariff for gas sold by Azerkontrakt OJSC to Azneft PU and Nakhchivangaz PU increases from AZN 0.11 to AZN 0.118.

The manufacturer buys natural gas at a negotiated price for the production of electricity supplied to data centers that carry out activities for processing, recording, and transmitting data, which receive power directly through the 35 and 110 kV lines, where the daily demand for loads is stable, and the average monthly energy consumption for production targets is at least 5 million kWh.

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NATO Special Rep for Caucasus and Central Asia to visit Baku

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NATO Special Representative for the Caucasus and Central Asia Javier Colomina will arrive in Azerbaijan next week, Report informs, citing Colomina's Twitter page.

"Looking forward to my first trip to the Caucasus next week. I will be visiting Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia in my new capacity as NATO Special Rep for the Caucasus and Central Asia in order to identify ways to further enhance NATO’s engagement in the Caucasus," he tweeted.

Looking forward to my first trip to the #Caucasus next week. I will be visiting #Azerbaijan , #Georgia , and #Armenia in my new capacity as #NATO Special Rep for the Caucasus and Central Asia in order to identify ways to further enhance NATO’s engagement in the Caucasus.

— Javier Colomina (@JavierColominaP) October 16, 2021

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